United Space Confederation
While USC High Command does have executive powers, it rarely uses them. Instead, HIGHCOM usually works with the Branch Cabinet to administer day to day activities, and calls upon both the Branch Cabinet and Citizen Senate for larger decisions affecting the United Space Confederation.
The Branch Cabinet consists of the Heads of each USC branch. These branch Heads are chosen through cooperation between USC High Command and the Citizen Senate, and hold executive powers over their appointed branch to fulfil directives set by the USC Central Government.
While technically operating under USC High Command directive, the Branch Cabinet advises HIGHCOM on matters regarding their branch operations, and usually works in conjunction with High Command to establish objectives and new legislation.
One of the more unique additions to a central government structure, the Citizen Senate actually has no true executive powers. Its purpose is to advise HIGHCOM and the Branch Cabinet on matters that are deemed to effect a large portion of USC Citizens. Despite not having executive authority, a recommendation passed by the Citizen Senate has never been ignored in the history of the United Space Confederation.
The Citizen Senate can also bring topics forward for discussion and debate at any time. Standardized voting is usually the primary method for displaying consensus when advising other USC Central Government departments.